Foot care and diabetes
Special measures: the feet of diabetics
Diabetics are especially prone to dry skin on the feet for various diabetes-related reasons. If the skin is dry and chapped, the natural barrier function is restricted and the risk of infection increases. This poses a particular risk, especially for diabetics. Firstly, the perception of pain decreases as diabetes progresses and so it takes time before small cracks or injuries to the skin are noticed. This increases the risk of infection and also the risk of the injury spreading to the deeper layers of skin (ulceration). Secondly, the blood circulation is also frequently impaired due to diabetes, and this leads to slower wound healing. It also increases the risk of wound infection and the risk of ulceration. If chronic wounds develop, the condition is called diabetic foot syndrome.
Characteristics of diabetic skin
- Damaged skin barrier
- High moisture loss
- Reduced function of sweat and sebaceous glands
- Susceptible to cracks, injuries and infections
- Poor wound-healing capacity
- Sensory loss (neuropathy)
The needs of diabetic skin on the feet
Diabetic skin needs special care. Medical skin care products that are tailored to the special needs of diabetic skin can have a beneficial influence on the skin condition. This not only has an effect on the appearance of the skin and the feeling of well-being, it also contributes in particular to reducing the risk of infection and therefore preventing against considerable complications such as those associated with diabetic foot syndrome. Make sure that the products provide dry skin with sufficient moisture and lipids, without harming natural functions. Skin care products that are not absorbed easily and macerate the surface of the skin are also likely to increase the risk of infection. For this reason, you should make sure that you use skin care products that are rapidly absorbed.